According to a report published by the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES), human activity is pushing the Earth towards a “sixth mass species extinction.”
The study by the IPBES says that the degradation of the landscape by humans is driving species towards extinction and worsening climate change. The peer-reviewed study, which was produced over 3 years by 100 experts, says that land loss and drought will displace at least 50 million people by 2050, and as many as 700 million over the coming four decades.
Of note, the report found that 87% of wetland areas have reduced since the start of the modern era, there has been a 50% decrease in freshwater availability per person, and a rapidly declining coral reef cover. The underlying causes are most associated with the “high-consumption lifestyle” and booming population growths in under-developed countries.